Taxon: Olea europaea L.

Genus: Olea
Subgenus: Olea
Section: Olea
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 25555
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:8. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jan-2004
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 154 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia ; South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia ; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Israel ; Jordan ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii

  • Cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Besnard, G. et al. 2002. Olea europaea (Oleaceae) phylogeography based on chloroplast DNA polymorphism Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:1353-1361.
  • Besnard, G. et al. 2009. Plastid and nuclear DNA polymorphism reveals historical processes of isolation and reticulation in the olive tree complex (Olea europaea) J. Biogeogr. 34:736-752.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Green, P. S. 2002. A revision of Olea L. Kew Bull. 57:93-99.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Médail, F. et al. 2001. Systematics, ecology and phylogeographic significance of Olea europaea L. ssp. maroccana (Greuter & Burdet) P. Vargas et al., a relictual olive tree in south-west Morocco Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137:249-266.
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Terral, J.-F. et al. 2004. Historical biogeography of olive domestication (Olea europaea L.) as revealed by geometrical morphometry applied to biological and archaeological material J. Biogeogr. 31:63-77.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Olea europaea L. :