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Taxon: Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea

 
Genus: Olea
Subgenus: Olea
Section: Olea
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 400800
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (4 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: oil/fat
  • Materials: wood (for turnery, furniture, handicrafts)
  • Medicines: folklore (as Olea europaea)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Turkey

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [South Australia]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Besnard, G. et al. 2007. On the origin of the invasive olives (Olea europaea L., Oleaceae). Heredity 99:608-619.
  2. Besnard, G. et al. 2009. Plastid and nuclear DNA polymorphism reveals historical processes of isolation and reticulation in the olive tree complex (Olea europaea). J. Biogeogr. 34:736-752.
  3. Besnard, G. et al. 2013. The complex history of the olive tree: from Late Quaternary diversification of Mediterranean lineages to primary domestication in the northern Levant. Proc. Roy. Soc. Biol. Sci. Ser. B 280:20122833.
  4. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  5. Breton, C. et al. 2009. The origins and domestication of the olive tree. Compt. Rend. Biol. 332:1059-1064. Note: recognizes two varieties: europaea and sylvestris, the former cultivated, the latter "oleaster" wild
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Diez, C. M. et al. 2015. Olive domestication and diversification in the Mediterranean basin. New Phytol. 206:436-447. Note: it recognizes wild populations as var. sylvestris, while domesticated cultivars are recognized as var. sativa
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs Note: = Olea europaea
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Green, P. S. 2002. A revision of Olea L.. Kew Bull. 57:94-95. Note: recognizes 2 varieties, 1 cultivated & 1 feral
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Hannachi, H. et al. 2009. Oleaster (var. sylvestris) and subsp. cuspidata are suitable genetic resources for improvement of the olive (Olea europaea subsp. europaea var. europaea). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:393-403.
  14. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland. Note: = Olea europaea
  17. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  18. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  26. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  27. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=400800. Accessed 18 February 2020.